Point-to-point orienteering (also called Cross-country orienteering)
In cross-country orienteering the controls (checkpoints) must be taken in numerical order. If the competitor does not find all his checkpoints, he is disqualified. There is usually a 3-hour time limit.
The following courses are usually available at PTOC events:
(Regional and national orienteering events may also include the Brown and Blue expert courses. The Brown is shorter in length than Green; Blue is considered the Elite course and is longer than Red.)
Another form of orienteering is Score Orienteering. Many controls are placed throughout the area, each having a point value determined by its distance from the start/finish or its technical difficulty. Participants have a set time to find as many controls as they can and earn as large a point value as possible. There is a large point penalty for being over-time. Highest score wins!
Other forms of orienteering
There are many forms of orienteering besides the most common: cross-country and score O. There are: relays, night orienteering, cross-country ski orienteering, mountain bike orienteering, horseback orienteering, handicap orienteering (Trail O), long-course, short-course, and sprint orienteering.
Choosing a course
Orienteering Gear (>O'Gear)